How to get to Florence

The city of Florence is located in central Italy and it is an important road and railway intersection that can easily be reached from the main Italian towns and cities via public transport or private vehicles.


There are various possibilities for reaching Florence by air: direct flights to the city airport, or the nearby airports of Pisa and Bologna (as well as other major cities such as Rome or Milan) which are well connected to the city of Florence by the public transport system.

Florence’s Amerigo Vespucci airport is about 8 km (20 minutes) from the city centre and it can be reached using the tram which arrives at Santa Maria Novella central train station.

Amerigo Vespucci Airport website

Galileo Galilei Airport in Pisa is around 80 km from the centre of Florence and the connection is via private direct bus services or an integrated shuttle and regional train system that takes around 1 hour 15 minutes.

Galileo Galilei Airport website

Guglielmo Marconi airport in Bologna is around 100 km from the centre of Florence and it is connected to Florence via private direct bus services or public services: the central train station in Bologna can be reached by city bus or electric shuttle bus; from there Florence can be reached in around half an hour using the high speed trains (or traditional trains in around 1 hour and 40 minutes).

Guglielmo Marconi Airport website


Florence is well connected with the main cities in the north and south of Italy by the railway network, as all routes in central Italy must pass through it.

Florence has several train stations: the main station is Santa Maria Novella (abbreviated to Firenze SMN).

Firenze SMN is located in the city centre, around 5 minutes from the cathedral, and it is one of the main arrival and departure points for public transport (bus and tram) which connect the centre to the suburbs.

Firenze Campo di Marte is the city's second station in order of importance and it is situated near the ring road enclosing the centre of Florence, a few minutes from the main DIDA sites (Santa Teresa, Santa Verdiana).

The two stations are connected by several trains, most of them local, that travel along this route into and out of the city.

Train tickets can be bought directly at the train stations from the ticket offices or automatic ticket machines, at several travel agencies and some tobacconists. They can also be bought online from the Trenitalia or Italo websites, which also provide accurate information on the timetables and services available.

Trenitalia website

Italo website


The city of Florence can be easily reached from the main Italian towns and cities via the motorway network (toll fees apply: see the rates on the the Autostrade per L'Italia website), and the state and provincial road network which extends throughout the country.

Note that Florence is a limited traffic zone (ZTL) and that most of the University of Florence (UNIFI) sites are located within this zone, so they are difficult to reach with an unauthorised private vehicle.

There are, however, several car parks (payment required) on the outskirts of the historic centre where cars can be left (Firenze Parcheggi s.p.a.).

Firenze Parcheggi website

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